Postcards from Scotland are published by the Centre for Confidence and Well-being, a registered charity based in Scotland. Registered No. SCO37080

This is a list of key references for each chapter. A list of references, with live links, is available online. Go to: www.postcardsfromscotland/book15.html


Building Resilience through Support and Challenge: The Golden Mean in Action: Alan McLean

McLEAN, A., 2003.  The Motivated School. London: Sage

McLEAN, A., 2009. Motivating Every Learner.  London: Sage

McLEAN, A., 2017.  Knowing and Growing: Insights for Developing Ourselves and Others. Paisley: CCWB Press

For access to Alan Mclean’s free online profiles go to:


From One Extreme to Another: Parenting in Scotland: Carol Craig

CRAIG, C., 2018. ‘Scotland the Cruel: The legacy of our sadistic past’. Scottish Review, March 2018

CRAIG, C., 2017. Hiding in Plain Sight. Paisley: CCWB Press


CRAIG, C., 2007. Creating Confidence: A Handbook for Professionals Working with Young People. Paisley: CCWB Press


GUNDERSON, E. A., GRIPSHOVER, S. J., ROMERO, C., DWECK, C.S., GOLDIN-MEADOW, S., LEVINE, S., 2013. ‘Parent Praise Predicts Children’s Motivational Frameworks Five Years Later’. Child Development, February 2013, vol. 85, no. 5


MACCOBY, E.E., MARTIN, J.A., 1983.’ Socialization in the context of the family: Parent-child interaction’. In: Hetherington, E.M., Ed., Handbook of Child Psychology: (Vol. 4.) Socialization, Personality, and Social Development, 4th Edition. New York: Routledge


MASUD, H., RAMAYAH, T., SHAKIL, A. M., 2014. ‘Parenting styles and academic achievement of young adolescents: A systematic literature review’. Quality and Quantity: 49


SHONKOFF, J. P., 2010. ‘Building a New Biodevelopment Framework to Guide the Future of Early Childhood Policy’. Child Development, February 2010, vol. 81, no. 1

‘Scottish Children Among “least active”’, 2016. BBC online


The Silence of the Weans:   Sue Palmer

WHITBREAD, D., 2017.  ‘Free Play and Children’s Mental Health’. The Lancet: Child and Adolescent Health vol. 1, no. 3

MANOWALAILAO, R., 2017. ‘What is ECCE’? UNESCO: Education for All

Learning Outdoors: Healthy Challenges for All:  Chalmers Smith

CHEESMOND, J., 1979. ‘Research Review of the Outdoor Education Programme in Lothian Region Secondary Schools 1978/1979 Edinburgh’: Edinburgh: Lothian Region and Dunfermline College of Education

NICOL, R., HIGGINS, P., ROSS, H., MANNION, G., 2007. ‘Outdoor education in Scotland: a summary of recent research’. Perth: Scottish Natural Heritage

MANNION, G., MATTU, L., WILSON, M., 2015. ‘Teaching, learning, and play in the outdoors: a survey of school and pre-school provision in Scotland’. Perth: Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 779

PRETTY, J., GRIFFIN, M., PEACOCK, J., HINE, R., SELLENS, M., SOUTH, N., 2005. ‘A Countryside for Health and Wellbeing: The Physical and Mental Health Benefits of Green Exercise’. Colchester: University of Essex Report for the Countryside Recreation Network

RUBENS, D., 1997. ‘Outdoor Education, Adventure and Learning – a Fusion’. MSc (Education) Degree. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh

FINNISH NATIONAL AGENCY for EDUCATION. 2017. Finnish education in a nutshell. Finland: Ministry of Education and Culture

Whitdale Primary School: Resilience and Bounce Back!:  Iain McDermott

SELIGMAN, M., 2011. Flourish.  New York: Simon and Schuster

SELIGMAN, M., PETERSON, C., McGRATH, R., 2001. Values in Action Survey of Character Strengths. VIA Institute on Character

CAIRNS, B., & HARKER, M., 2008.  Empowering Change. Edinburgh: Scottish Government

NOBLE, T., McGRATH, H., Bounce Back!,  2011. Melbourne: Pearson

Transforming Trajectories: Confidence and resilience-building in the Big Noise:   Kathryn Jourdan

GLASGOW CENTRE FOR POPULATION HEALTH, 2015.  ‘Evaluating Sistema Scotland – initial findings report’, 2015.  Glasgow: GCPH

Everyday Courage and Confidence:     Heather Zajac

DANIEL, B., VINCENT, S., FARRALL, E., ARNEY, F., 2009. ‘How is the Concept of Resilience Operationalised in Practice with Vulnerable Children?’ International Journal of Child & Family Welfare. 12

AINSWORTH, M., 1969. ‘Object Relations, Dependency and Attachment: A Theoretical Review of the Infant-Mother Relationship’. Child Development, December 1969, vol., 40, no. 4

Community Approaches to Building Resilience:    Daniel and Charis Robertson

CRAIG, C., 2017. Hiding in Plain Sight. Paisley: CCWB Press

BELLIS, M. A., ASHTON, K., HUGHES, K., FORD, K., BISHOP, J., PARANJOTHY, S., 2015. Adverse Childhood Experiences and their impact on health-harming behaviours in the Welsh adult population. Cardiff: Public Health Wales NHS Trust

HUGHES, K., FORD, K., DAVIES, A.R., HOMOLOVA, L., BELLIS, M.A., 2018.  Sources of resilience and their moderating relationships with harms from adverse childhood experiences. Cardiff: Public Health Wales NHS Trust